As the Senate begins its new day, it is important to note that the Senate recognizes two meanings for the word „day,“ „civil“ day and „legislative“ day. A calendar day is recognized as a 24-hour period. Reference may be made to a specific date, such as the vote on the adoption of a measure on 4 August 1996 (determined, determined or fixed date) as part of a motion for unanimous assent or a rule requiring that a decision be taken „on one of the next two days of the session proper“. In these cases, references refer to calendar days. A statutory day is the period after the Senate rises until another adjournment. A suspension (not an adjournment) does not affect a legislative day; Therefore, a legislative day can take a long time – days, weeks, or even months – but one or more adjournments from one day to the next would coincide the calendar and the legislative day. Referring to this definition in his 2009 Guide to Democracy, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon added that the United Nations provides expertise and support for „the development of legislation and the strengthening of legislative, executive and judicial institutions, in particular on the basis of these principles, in order to ensure their capacity, the necessary resources and independence. to fulfil their respective roles“.3 The process by which nations ratify treaties is a matter of national rather than national international law. The Constitution does not use the word ratification in relation to treaties. It only states that the president has the power to enter into treaties through and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Constitution does not divide the process into different components that can be identified today, such as initiation, negotiation, signature, deliberation and consent of the Senate, ratification, deposit or exchange of instruments of ratification and promulgation. From the beginning, however, the formal act of ratification was executed by the President, who acted „through and with the Council and with the consent of the Senate.“ The president ratifies the treaty, but only with the approval of the Senate. The rules of the House determine the special legislative days that have been established to expedite certain types of non-privileged matters.
The special legislative days are: calendar Wednesday (every Wednesday), the District of Columbia (second and fourth Monday), suspension of rules (every Monday and Tuesday), and correction schedule (first and third Mondays). Private calendar transactions, if any, are processed on the first and third Tuesday of each month and discharge requests on the second and fourth Mondays. The Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition was adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 55/255 of 31 May 2001. It entered into force on 3 July 2005. The Protocol, the first global legally binding instrument on small arms and light weapons, aims to promote, facilitate and strengthen cooperation among States parties to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. By ratifying the Protocol, States undertake to take a number of measures to combat crime and to transpose into their domestic legal systems three sets of normative provisions: the first concerns the definition of offences related to the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms on the basis of the requirements and definitions of the Protocol; second, on a system of State authorizations or licences to ensure the licit manufacture of and trafficking in firearms; and the third on the marking and tracing of firearms. The normative framework of FPIC includes a number of international legal instruments, including the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), International Labour Organization Convention 169 (ILO 169) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), as well as national laws. Continuity of sessions of the same Congress is provided for in the rules of the Senate: the exclusion rule does not prevent the government from introducing illegally collected evidence to indict the defendants` statements in court or to attack credibility.
The Supreme Court recognized this exception in Harris v. New York as a litmus test to prevent perjury. However, even if the government suspects perjury, it can only use tainted evidence for impeachment and cannot use it to prove guilt. The Senate, in its rules and practices, has always emphasized the importance of decency in its deliberations. The Constitution provides that the President „shall from time to time furnish to Congress information on the state of the nation, recommending to it such measures as he deems necessary and expedient;… ». Finally, there is the term „resolution ___“ for Senate resolutions that are primarily used to express only the subject matter of the Senate or to deal with housekeeping matters, including changes to the rules that apply only to the Senate. Over the years, the United Nations has promoted the rule of law at the international level by consolidating and developing an international framework of norms and norms, establishing international and hybrid tribunals and out-of-court mechanisms. It refined its framework for engagement with the rule of law at the national level by providing assistance in drafting constitutions; the national legal framework; justice, governance, security and human rights institutions; transitional justice; and strengthening civil society.4 The 2008 Secretary-General`s Guide on the United Nations Rule of Law Support sets out basic principles and a framework to guide United Nations rule of law activities at the national level.
In addition, in its 2009 United Nations Guide to Support Constitutional Processes, it outlined the components of constitutional processes and recognized that these processes are a central aspect of democratic transitions. 1. If votes for and against are ordered, the names of the senators are listed in alphabetical order; and each Senator shall declare without discussion his approval or disagreement with the matter, unless excused by the Senate, and no Senator may vote after the ruling has been announced by the Speaker, but may, for sufficient reasons, with unanimous consent, modify or withdraw his vote. No request for suspension of the application of this rule may be made and the President cannot accept a unanimous request for suspension. The Convention represents an important step forward in the fight against transnational organised crime and means that Member States recognise the seriousness of the problems involved and the need to promote and strengthen close international cooperation to address these problems. States ratifying the instrument undertake to take a number of measures against transnational organized crime, including the creation of national offences (participation in an organized criminal organization, money-laundering, corruption and obstruction of justice); the adoption of a new comprehensive framework for extradition, mutual legal assistance and law enforcement cooperation; and the promotion of training and technical assistance to build or strengthen the necessary capacities of national authorities. The Rules of the Senate do not mention multiple funding, which has been a common practice for many years. While custom allows an unlimited number of senators to sponsor a wide range of actions, it prohibits more than a member`s name from appearing on a bill or resolution that is the subject of a report and on the accompanying printed report. Co-sponsors are often quoted on the measures as presented, but additional names may be added by unanimous consent at the next time they go to press.
Since its inception, the opportunity for multiple sponsorship has been questioned by many senators, and others have tabled resolutions to abolish the practice.